EP05.02 - Relational Ethics and Technology: Considerations for Qualitative Health Research
e-Health ePoster Library. Park E. Jun 7, 2016; 131575; EP05.02
Elly Park
Elly Park
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Purpose/Objectives: Relationships are paramount in delivering client-centred care and are also the foundation of many qualitative research methods. This emphasis on relationship is the basis of relational ethics which focuses on an ethic of care (Bergum, 1994; Noddings, 1986). Indeed, developing mutually trusting and respectful relationships is essential and deserves attention. Yet, when conducting qualitative health research in an increasingly ‘technologically driven' landscape, are relational ethics taken into account? More specifically, what does this mean when generating qualitative data using technologies such as videoconferencing, blogs, text messaging, and email? This study has two purposes: 1) To identify technologies that have been utilized to generate data in qualitative health research; and, 2) To consider the ethical tensions that emerge when we apply these technologies in qualitative health research. Methodology/Approach: A search of relevant electronic databases (eg. Medline, CINAHL, AMED, PsycINFO, etc. ) will be carried out to find pertinent published, peer- reviewed studies from 2000 or later. In addition, bibliography reviews will be conducted to identify further articles. Search terms and inclusion criteria relate to the use of technology in generating or collecting data in qualitative health research. A checklist based on a relational ethics framework (Bergum, 1994, 2003; Bergum & Dosseter, 2005) will be used for data extraction. The first two authors will adhere to the checklist to ensure consistency and continuity. Finding/Results: Selected studies will be reviewed and synthesized using NVIVO 10 software for thematic analysis. The results will identify what ethical questions emerge and how ethical tensions have or have not been addressed in qualitative research using technology. The core themes can offer researchers and clinicians greater insight into the connections between ethics and research in this technological era. Conclusion/Implications/Recommendations: From this critical review, we hope to determine ways we can utilize technology to conduct qualitative health research in a manner that upholds the tenets of relational ethics. Technologies are powerful tools to give health care professionals and qualitative researchers opportunities to engage hard-to-reach as well as stigmatized and oppressed populations. Maintaining ethical responsibilities while drawing on the possibilities offered by technology is not only important, but also imperative. References: Bergum, V. (1994). Knowledge for ethical care. Nursing Ethics, 1(2), 71-79. Bergum, V. (2003). Relational pedagogy. Embodiment, improvisation, and interdependence. Nursing Philosophy, 4(2), 121-128. Bergum, V., & Dossetor, J. B. (2005). Relational ethics: The full meaning of respect. Hagerstown, MD: University Publishing Group. Noddings, N. (1986). Fidelity in teaching, teacher education, and research for teaching. Harvard Educational Review, 56(4), 496-511. 140 Character Summary: This critical review explores and analyzes the ethical tensions in qualitative health research within an increasingly ‘technologically driven' landscape.
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